Acid Rain

Acid Rain

          “Acid rain” is an expansive term used to describe several ways that acid falls out of the atmosphere. A more explicit term is acid deposition, which consist of two parts: wet and dry. The point of these depositions has to do with prevailing winds, which blows the compounds that cause both wet and dry acid deposition across states and national borders, and sometimes over hundreds of miles. Acid rain has had an environmental impact; however a solution is present to this problem.


           The primary causes of acid rain are due to sulfur dioxide (SO2) and nitrogen oxides (NOx), which comes from electric power generation that relies on burning fossil fuels like coal. These events have a catastrophic effect in our environment because it damages forests and soils, fish and other living things, materials, and human health. The ecological effects of acid rain are mostly clearly seen in the aquatic, or water environments, such as lakes, marches, and streams. The acid rain is mostly a threat to the fishes as acid rain flows through soils in a watershed; aluminum is released from soils into the lakes and streams located in that watershed. What makes this so lethal to the fish population is that as power of hydrogen (pH) in a lake or stream decreases, aluminum levels increase, which means both low pH and increased aluminum levels are instantaneously toxic to fish. Studies addressed that the largest source of nitrogen oxide in the emissions in both Canada and the United States is transportation and the largest producer of sulfur dioxide emissions in the United States is electric utilities according to the graph.


               In order to adjust these perplexities we must take actions as individuals and contribute energy by conserving them, since energy production causes the largest portion of the acid deposition problem. Clean up smokestacks and exhaust pipes because almost all of the electricity that powers modern life comes from burning fossil fuels like coal, natural gas, and oil. Sustaining energy implies that we need to turn off lights, computers, and other appliances when you’re not using them. Another option would be to use energy efficient appliances such as lighting, air conditioners, heaters, refrigerators, washing machines, etc. One of most effective action that could be taken is to keep your thermostat at 68° F in the winter and 72° F in the summer. You can turn it even lower in the winter and higher in the summer when you are away from home. If these procedures aren’t taken, then these situations will continue to surface the earth in the future and increase tremendously.


                Acid rain has had an environmental impact, but for every problem there is a solution just like for every question there is an answer. The human and fish population are mostly affected by this deposition because it affects the human heath and it is extremely toxic to the fish population. That doesn’t mean we can’t do anything about this problem we encounter, by the taking actions we can solve this problem. If no degrees of regulations are undertaken, then acid rain will continue to advance in the future. The most substantial effect it would have in our environment is our health’s, thus putting our life’s in jeopardy. The decision is yours to make and to decide. Which path will you take?


Christo “Young Shady” Jean’s online articles/essays.

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